Much to the current generation’s surprise, the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution began in 1832 when an electromagnetic telegraph was created by Baron Schilling in Russia. In 1833 Carl Friedrich Gauss and Wilhelm Weber invented their own code to communicate over a distance of 1200 m within Gottingen, Germany. The year 1974 marked the beginning of TCP/IP. In 1984, domain names were introduced and in 1989, Tim Berners-Lee introduced globe to the “World Wide Web”. In 1995, Internet went commercial with Amazon and Echo Bay (EBay) followed by the birth of Google in 1998. Then again, 1999 was a big year for IoT. The term “Internet of Things” was coined by Kevin Ashton, the executive director of the Auto-Id centre. In 2005, the IoT hit another level when the United Nation’s International Telecommunications Union (ITU) published its first report on the topic.
In 2013 the Global Standards Initiative on Internet of Things (IoT-GSI) defined the IoT as “the infrastructure of the information society”. In 2015, the FBI made a public service announcement about the IoT security and even gave out some defence recommendations. In addition, several security measures have been taken to fill holes and prevent future security breaches at device level, and the US government has made efforts to tackle major disasters before they even come to pass. According to Gartner, there will be nearly 21 billion devices in the Internet of Things by 2020.
IoT is the mechanisation of everything in our lives. The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the use of astutely connected devices and systems to influence data gathered by embedded sensors and actuators in machines and other physical objects. For consumers, the IoT has the prospective to deliver solutions that dramatically improve energy efficiency, safety measures, fitness, edification and many other aspects of daily life. For entrepreneurs, IoT can buttress solutions that improve decision-making and productivity in mechanism, retail, agriculture and other sectors.
These things will have 2 segregated parts. One part will be all about the sensors that collect data about us and our environment. All the devices are connected to the Internet. Already, the computers in our routers and modems are much more powerful than the PCs of the mid-1990s, and the Internet of Things will put computers into all sorts of consumer devices. Much of the brains will be in the cloud, on servers connected via cellular, Wi-Fi, or short-range data networks. The maximum revenue will arise from the provision of value-added services. The Internet of Things can enable the next wave of life-enhancing services across several fundamental sectors of the economy.
The other part will be actuators. Phones already know our location, and send that information back to Google Maps to determine where traffic congestion is. When they’re linked to driverless cars, they’ll automatically route us around that congestion. Increasingly, human intervention will become unnecessary. The sensors will do all of it for us, with us and using our identity.
We can boast of the details; however there is no breathing government entity that has either the expertise or the authority to tackle something this broad and extensive. And the question is not about whether government will start administering these technologies; it’s about how keen they’ll be when they do it. While looking into the next stages of this term and its technologies, there are golden chances and challenges to face including privacy concerns, security, costs, standards, regulations, and the list goes on.