CUET Biology Syllabus 2024

18 March, 2024
parthiva mewawala

Common University Entrance Test (CUET) is an opportunity for students seeking admission to the top universities. There are several CUET Test Practice Centers (TPCs) located throughout the country, and the test will be administered online throughout the country. 

The subject of biology is an exciting one, and many students have become interested in pursuing a degree in this area. The entire biology syllabus for the CUET is essential for students who intend to pursue B.Sc. (Biology) Hons. as their undergraduate degree. 


CUET’s biology curriculum focuses primarily on life and all living organisms. This means that choosing Biology as a UG subject will provide students with various opportunities to research and explore various areas of biology.


Read more: CUET Syllabus 2024 – Subject-Wise, Exam Pattern, Books & More


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Overview of Biology Syllabus for CUET 


There are 5 units in the Biology Syllabus for CUET 2024 and will cover a wide range of topics. You can also view the syllabus on the official website. Below is the CUET syllabus for biology students, which the candidates should review: 


No Unit Sub-unit 


Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction is a characteristic feature of all organisms for the continuation of species;

Modes of reproduction –Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes- Binary fission, sporulation,

budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.

Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female

gametophytes; Pollination–types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction;

Double fertilisation; Post fertilisation events– Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of

seed and formation of fruit; Special modes– apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed

And fruit formation.

Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary;

Gametogenesis- spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development up to

blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition

(Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary Idea).

Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases(STD);

Birth control- Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP);

Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for

general awareness).


Genetics and Evolution 

Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance, Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Codominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotrophy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome 

Theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes, Sex determination- Inhumans, birds, honeybees, Linkage and crossing over, Sex-linked inheritance- Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans- Thalassemia, Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s Syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes. 

MolecularBasisofInheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA Packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma, Transcription, genetic code, translation, Gene expression and regulation- LAC Operon, Genome and human genome project, DNA fingerprinting. 

Evolution: Origin of life, Biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution (Paleontological, comparative anatomy, embryology, and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution – Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, type of natural selection, Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy- Weinberg’s principle, Adaptive Radiation, Human evolution. 


Biology and Human Welfare 

Health and Disease: Pathogens, parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm); Basic concepts of immunology- vaccines, Cancer, HIV and AIDs, Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse. 

Improvement in food production: Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal Husbandry. 

Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, Industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and biocontrol agents and biofertilizers. 


Biotechnology and its applications 

Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic Engineering  (Recombinant DNA Technology).
Application of Biotechnology health and agriculture. Human insulin and vaccine reproduction, gene therapy; Genetic Modified Organisms- Bt crops;  Transgenic Animals: Biosafety issues- Biopiracy and patents. 

Ecology and Environment 

Organisms and Environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; 

Population interactions- Mutualism, Competition, Predation, Parasitism, Population attributes- Growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution. 

Ecosystems: Patterns, components, productivity and decomposition, energy flow, pyramids of number, biomass, energy, Nutrient cycling (Carbon and phosphorous); Ecological Succession; Ecological Services- Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release. 

Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity, Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity, Biodiversity conservation, Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, Biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries. 

Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; 

Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming, Ozone depletion, and Deforestation; Any three case studies’ success stories addressing environmental issues. 



The syllabus covers topics comprising genetics, cell biology, plant physiology, ecology, and human physiology.  It is very important to have a better understanding of the Biology Syllabus for CUET. As a result, the candidate will not overlook any of the topics and will consistently adhere to the format.


FAQs related to the Bio Syllabus for CUET 


1. Who is eligible for CUET Biology? 

    Below are the CUET Eligibility criteria for the UG courses: 

  1. A minimum of 50% marks in class 12th for general category candidates and 45% marks for candidates from SC/ST categories is required. 
  2. Chemistry, physics, mathematics, and/or biology are required subjects, depending on the course.

2. What is the main purpose of the Biology Syllabus for CUET? 

    The Biology Syllabus for CUET will guide candidates towards the most effective preparation strategy for the CUET exam 2024.


3. What type of topics are included in the CUET Biology Syllabus? 

    The CUET Biology program comprises a wide range of topics, including genetics and evolution, ecology, and biotechnology and its applications. 


4. How many units are there in the Biology Syllabus for CUET 2024? 

    There are a total of five units in the CUET Biology Syllabus of the CUET exam 2024. 


5. Which colleges accept the CUET Biology entrance exam score? 

    The colleges that accept the CUET Biology entrance exam score are CUET-participating universities, including Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Jamia Millia Islamia, the University of Hyderabad, and the University of Delhi. 


6. Is it required to study the NCERTs for Class 12 to pass the Biology Syllabus for CUET 2024?

    The NCERT Biology textbooks used in grades 11 and 12 are an essential part of the Biology syllabus for CUET.