GATE CE Syllabus (Civil Engineering) 2025

07 March, 2024
Radhika Joshi

The GATE CE syllabus is a roadmap for aspiring engineers to use to prepare for the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). The syllabus covers various civil engineering disciplines and is designed to assess candidates’ understanding and proficiency in these subjects.


 With its detailed breakdown of topics and subtopics, the syllabus helps candidates prepare for postgraduate programs and lucrative career opportunities in the field. In this article, you will find a detailed guide to the syllabus.


GATE CE Syllabus 2025:


The following is the detailed syllabus structure for aspirants to ensure while making the study plan: 


Section 1: Engineering Mathematics 

  • Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors. 


  • Calculus: Functions of a single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line,  Surface and Volume integrals. 


  • Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First-order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher-order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems. 


  • Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one-dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation. 


  • Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous,  Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression. 


  • Numerical Methods: Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multi-step methods for first-order differential equations. 


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Section 2: Structural Engineering 

  • Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system. 


  • Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses. 


  • Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames;  Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines;  Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis. 


  • Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties. Construction Management: Types of construction projects;  Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation.


  • Concrete Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs,  columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams. 


  • Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam-columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis – beams and frames. 



Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering 


  • Soil Mechanics: Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and  Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one-dimensional flow, Seepage  through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage  force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One 

dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths. 



  • Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations – Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and  Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and  Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, the effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction. 


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Section 4: Water Resources Engineering 

  • Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag. 


  • Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes;  Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles. 


  • Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed,  infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law. 


  • Irrigation: Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta,  evapo-transpiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on the permeable foundation; cross drainage structures.



Section 5: Environmental Engineering 

  • Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment: Basics of water quality standards – Physical,  chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations;  Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment.  

Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment.  Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications. 


  • Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air Quality Index and limits. 


  • Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery,  treatment and disposal). 



Section 6: Transportation Engineering 

  • Transportation Infrastructure: Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments.  


  • A geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant.  


Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design. 


  • Highway Pavements: Highway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties  of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible  and rigid pavement using IRC codes 


  • Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study,  statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow,  fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity. 

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Section 7: Geomatics Engineering 

  • Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system;  Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.  


  • Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing – Scale, flying height; Basics of remote sensing and  GIS.




Aspiring candidates in engineering need to master a range of topics to perform well in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, and they can get the necessary guidance through the GATE CE syllabus. This syllabus covers various civil engineering disciplines, ensuring that candidates are knowledgeable to demonstrate their understanding and proficiency.


This article, with a detailed breakdown of subjects, will help students prepare effectively for postgraduate programs and promising careers in civil engineering. It is a comprehensive guide to the GATE CE syllabus and a valuable resource for aspirants to make a structured approach towards the examination. 

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Unlock your success in the GATE CE exam! Explore the detailed GATE CE Syllabus 2025 to plan your studies effectively. Begin your preparation with IMS to pursue a successful career in civil engineering. All IMS GATE Academy Programs are designed by combining the expertise of mentors who are GATE Rankers. They have accumulated over 10000+ hours of teaching experience to provide you with the best guidance.


  1. Who should refer to the GATE CE syllabus?

   Candidates preparing for the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) should refer to the GATE CE syllabus to understand the topics they must master.


  1. What does the GATE CE syllabus cover?

   The GATE CE syllabus includes various civil engineering disciplines, including Engineering Mathematics, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Transportation Engineering, and Geomatics Engineering.


  1. How does the GATE CE syllabus help candidates?

   The syllabus, with a detailed breakdown of topics and subtopics, helps candidates prepare effectively for the GATE exam, ensuring they comprehensively understand the subjects.


  1. Can the GATE CE syllabus guide candidates for postgraduate programs?

   Yes, the GATE CE syllabus provides a roadmap and a clear path for candidates to prepare for postgraduate programs, which can lead to promising career opportunities in civil engineering.


  1. Where can I find the detailed breakdown of the GATE CE syllabus?

   You can find a comprehensive guide to the GATE CE syllabus in this article, which provides information on each section and topic covered in the syllabus.