# GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus 2024

20 January, 2024

The conducting authority IIT Kanpur will be releasing the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus (TF) Syllabus 2024 on its official website. The candidates should be familiar with the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus in order to understand the topics that need to be covered in the exam. Knowing the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus 2024 helps candidates strategize their preparation.

The core subject of the GATE Syllabus for GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus 2024 accounts for 72% of the syllabus. Meanwhile, the engineering mathematics and general aptitude sections comprise 13% and 15% respectively. GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus are broadly divided into five major sections mentioned below:

• Yarn Manufacturer, Yarn Structure, and Properties
• Textile fibers
• Textile Testing
• Fabric manufacture, structure, and properties
• Chemical Testing.

Sections of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science syllabus

GATE Textile Engineering & Fibre Science Syllabus – General Aptitude
The GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus 2024 includes topics like sentence completion, English grammar, instructions, word groups, verbal analogies, critical reasoning, numerical computation, verbal deduction, numerical estimation, data interpretation, and numerical reasoning.

GATE Textile Engineering & Fibre Science Syllabus – Engineering Mathematics

The engineering mathematics section of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus includes topics like calculus, linear algebra, numerical method, probability, etc.

Below are the topics covered in detail:

• Linear Algebra: The topics included in this section are systems of linear equations, matrices and determinants, Eigenvalues, and Eigenvectors.
• Vector Calculus: The topics included in this section are gradient, divergence and curl, line, surface, and volume integrals, and Stokes, Gauss, and Green’s theorems.
• Calculus: The topics of this section include, partial derivatives, limit, continuity and differentiability, sequences and series, maxima and minima, Fourier series, and test for convergence.
• Probability and Statistics: The topics included in this section are mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, and co-rrelational and regression analysis.
• Numerical Methods: The topics covered in this section are solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations, and integration of trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule.

GATE Textile Engineering & Fibre Science Syllabus – Textile Fibers

This section of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus comprises topics like the spinning of acrylic, IR spectroscopy, texturing method, and wet spinning.

Below are the topics of the Textile fibers section:
1. Fibre forming polymer essential requirements
2. Textile fibre classification
3. Natural fibres such as cotton, wool, and silk have gross and fine structures
4.  Basics of bast fibers, natural and synthetic fibres
5. Fibre and mix identification and analysis using physical and chemical methods.
4. Plasticization, glass transition, melting, crystallization, amorphous and crystalline phases, molecular architecture, amorphous and crystalline phases, molecular architecture, dry spinning,

1. Glass transition
2. Plasticization
3. Crystallization
4. Melting
5. Molecular architecture
6. Amorphous and crystalline phases
7. Molecular architecture
8. Principles of wet spinning, dry spinning, dry-jet-wet spinning, and gel spinning
9. Spinning of acrylic, viscose and other regenerated cellulosic fibres like polynosic and lyocell
10. Drawing, heat setting, and tow-to-top conversion are examples of texturing techniques and post-spinning activities.
1. Methods of investigating fibre structure like density
2. X-ray diffraction
3. Birefringence, optical and electron microscopy like SEM and TEM
4. I.R. spectroscopy, thermal methods like DSC, DMA, TGA, and TMA
5.  Structure and morphology of man-made fibres
6.  Mechanical properties of fibres
7. Moisture sorption of fibres
8. Fibre structure-property correlation.

GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus – Yarn Manufacture, Yarn Structure and Properties

This section of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Manufacturing Syllabus covers topics like card clothing, friction and card sets.

Below are the topics in detail:

Topics for yarn manufacture, yarn structure and properties:

1. Recent advancements in the field of combing machines
2. Principles of drafting, twisting, and bobbin construction
3. In roving formation
4. Recent advancements in roving machine technology
5. Inring Spinning
6. Principles of twisting, drafting, and policeman construction
7. End breakages and their causes
8. Difference between a single yarn twist and a folded yarn twist
9. Compact, rotor, air-jet, air-vortex, friction, core, wrap, and twistless spinning processes.

Topics for yarn manufacture, yarn structure and properties:

1. Principles of roller drawing
2. Roller arrangements in drafting systems
3. Periodic mass variation in drawn silver
4. Drawframe Autoleveller
5. Principles of cotton combing
6. Combing cycle and mechanisms
7. Principles of ginning
8. Principles of opening, cleaning and blending
9. Conventional Vs Modern carding machine
10. Card Setting
11. Card Clothing
12. Periodic mass variation in card silver
13. Card auto leveller

Topics for yarn structure and properties and yarn manufacture
1. The fibre packing density of yarn, yarn diameter, yarn twist and its relationship to yarn strength
2. Influence of fibre geometry, configuration, and orientation in yarn
3. Yarn contraction, fibre migration in yarns
4. Helical arrangement of fibres in yarns
5. Structure-property relationship in the ring, compact, rotor, air-jet, and friction spun yarns
6. Stress-strain relationship in yarn
7. Mass irregularity of yarn.

GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus- Fabric Manufacture, Structure, and Properties

The fibre manufacture, structure and properties section of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus 2024 comprises of topics including tappet, types of selvedges, cam designing, etc.

Below are the topics covered in each section:

• Principles of winding processes
• Classification of winding methods
• Patterning mechanism
• Yarn clearers and tensioners
• Different systems of yarn splicing
• Warping objectives and classification
• Different types of warping creels
• Features of the beam and sectional warping machines
• Different sizing systems
• Sizing of spun and filament yarns
• Drawing-in process
• Principles of pirn winding.
• Shedding motion,
• Primary and secondary loom motions
• Shedding mechanisms that are both positive and detrimental
• Shed types include: Shedding on tappets, dobbies, and jacquards, insertion of the weft
• Weft insertion mechanics with a shuttle
• Picking and checking shuttles
• Beat-up
• Sleeve kinematics
• Diagram of loom time
• Cam is in charge of design
• Fabric formation as a result of sley setting and cam profile
• Projectile, rapier, water-jet, and air-jet
• Multiphase and circular loom principles of operation
• Selvedges come in a variety of shapes and sizes.
• Basic woven fabric constructions and their derivatives, crepe, cord, terry, gauze, leno, and double cloth constructions
• Drawing and lifting plans.
• Fundamentals of weft knitting
• Classification of weft knitting technologies
• Weft knitted constructions such as plain, rib, interlock, and purl,
• Different knit stitches such as loop, tuck, and float.
• Warp knitting principles
• Classification of warp knitting technology
• Guide bar swinging and shogging motion, pillar, tricot, atlas, inlay and nets are all basic wark knit constructions.
• Nonwoven: Fibre preparation procedures,
• Processes of web creation and bonding
• Melting-blowing and spun-bonding technology
• Applications of nonwoven fabrics
• Braiding principles
•  Braiding style
• Maypole braiding is a technique for braiding maypoles.
• Peirce’s equations for the geometry of plain-woven fabrics
• Plain-woven fabric elastic model
• Weaving cloth thickness, coverage, and maximum set
• Plain weft-knitted loop geometry
• For plain weft knitted materials
• Munden’s constants and tightness factor
• Tubular braid geometry.
• Melt-blowing and spun-bonding technology
• Applications of Nonwoven fabrics.

GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus – Textile Testing
The textile testing section of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus includes topics like air permeability, compressibility, evenness testing, etc.

Below are the topics discussed in detail:

1. Sampling mistakes and sample sizes
2. Techniques for sampling fibers, yarns, and textiles
3. The linear density of silver, roving, and yarn
4. Moisture in textiles
5. Yarn fault measurement and analysis
6. Tensile testing of fibres
7. High volume fibre testing
8. Tensile testing of yarns
9. Fabric thickness, stiffness, shear, drape, crease recovery
10. Fabrics with high thermal resistance
11. Transmission of water vapour through fabrics
12. Yarn twist and hairiness
13. Yarn tensile testing
14. Wetting and wicking

GATE Textile Engineering Fibre Science (TF)- Chemical Testing

The chemical testing section of the GATE Textile Engineering Fibre Science syllabus includes topics like the dyeing of cotton, singeing, dye-fibre interaction, etc.

Below are the topics of the Cheical testing section:

• Impurities in natural fibre
• Singeing
• Chemistry and practice of preparatory processes for cotton
• Preparatory processing of wool and silk
• Mercerization of cotton, Preparatory processes for manmade fibres and their blends
• Optical brightening agent.
• Classification of dyes
• Dyeing of cotton, wool, silk, polyester, nylon, and acrylic with appropriate classes of dyes
• Polyester/cotton and polyester/wool blends dyeing
• Machines for dyeing
• Cotton Knitted fabric dyeing techniques and machinery
• Interaction of dye and fibre
• Introduction to dyeing thermodynamics and kinetics
• Brief idea about the relation between colour and chemical constitution
• Beer- Lambert’s law.
• Thickness of several types
• Auxiliary Printing
• Printing with pigments
• Polyester transfer printing
• Printing with inkjet
• Errors in printing

• Cotton that is stiff, soft, wrinkle-resistant, water repellent, flame retardant
• Enzyme finished
• Milling
• Democratizing and shrink resistant finishing of wool
• Anti-static and soil release finishing
• Heat setting of synthetic fabrics
• Minimum application techniques.
• Pollution control and treatment of effluents.

### Books for GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) Syllabus 2024

Below is the list of important books to cover the GATE Syllabus for Textile Engineering and Fibre Science 2024. These books will assist candidates in preparing for the GATE exam.

Name of the Books and Author

1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig
2. Developments in Science & Technology by Kalpana Rajaram
3. Textile Processing and Properties by Vigo TL Vigo Vigo
4. Dyeing & Chemical Technology of Textile Fibres by E.R. Trotman

#### FAQs on GATE TF Syllabus

1. What is the sectional weightage of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus? 1
According to the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus, section-wise weightage is as follows:
1. General Aptitude: 15%
2. Engineering Mathematics: 13%
3. Topics of Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus -72%

2. What are the sections of the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science syllabus?

The GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science syllabus comprises of three sections including, engineering mathematics, general aptitude, and topics from the core-subject fibre science and textile engineering.

3. Which books should I refer to for the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus?

The best books available to prepare for the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus are
1. Textile Processing and Properties – Vigo TL Vigo Vigo
2. Development in Science and Technology- Kalpana Rajaram
3. Introduction to Textile Fibres- HV Srinivas Murthy
4. Textbook of Fabric Science: Fundamentals to Finishing – Seema Sekhri

4. How should a student prepare for the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus in three months?

The candidates should follow some tips to prepare for the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus:

• Make a preparation timetable/ plan
• The basic topics should be covered first.
• Regularly practice and revise the advanced topics
• Attend the mock test before the exam.

5. Which topics are to be included in the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus?

As per the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus, the topics included in the textile fibre section are texturing techniques, glass transition, dry spinning, and wet spinning.

6. What is the best approach for covering the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus?

Covering the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus is best accomplished by prioritizing and covering important topics first, and then focusing on easier topics. This way, you will have ample time to revise and practice.

7. What are the important topics in the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science Syllabus?

The key topics to keep in mind when preparing the GATE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science syllabus are yarn structure and properties, yarn manufacture, structure and properties, fabric manufacture, and textile testing.