12 Months GATE Civil Study Plan 2025 – Civil Engineering

08 March, 2024
Radhika Joshi

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a highly competitive exam that requires proper planning for the entire preparation journey. It has been observed over the years that those candidates who efficiently executed the preparation plan were the ones who cracked GATE with the best ranks. Based on the observations and the feedback of GATE toppers, we have prepared an efficient 12-month GATE Civil Study Plan for the Civil Engineering GATE aspirants.


In this blog, you will find the detailed GATE Civil Study Plan, along with the monthly targets and strategy for maximising the output of GATE 2025 Civil Engineering preparation.




GATE Civil Study Plan: 

Month 1: Getting Started and Laying the Foundation


You can start your GATE Civil Study Plan 2025 preparation by understanding the exam pattern. In GATE, 65 questions are asked for 100 marks. 30 questions will be of 1 mark, and 35 questions will be of 2 marks. Three variety of questions are asked namely Multiple choice questions (MCQ), Multiple select questions (MSQ) and Numerical Answer Type Questions (NAT). Out of these three variety of questions, only MCQ contains a negative marking of 33%. 


After knowing the basic details of the GATE pattern, go through the syllabus thoroughly. Make a list of all the topics subject-wise. This will help you avoid reading redundant topics not in the GATE 2025 Civil Engineering syllabus.


The GATE 2025 Civil Engineering syllabus is an important resource for students preparing the GATE Civil Study Plan. 


The next step is to go through the previous GATE questions. Candidates can identify the marks weightage of all the subjects using the GATE question bank provided by IMS GATE ACADEMY. 


Here is the GATE subject-wise marks weightage for the last 6 years.


Subjects 2019 2020 202120222023GATE 2024
General Aptitude15.01515151515
Engineering Mathematics10.511.512131311
Geotechnical Engineering16.014.515111113
Environmental Engineering9.0111111118
Transportation Engineering9.511118811
Fluid Mechanics and Open Channel Flow9.07.58889
Structural Analysis4.566663
Geomatics Engineering6.055667
Irrigation and Hydrology5.55.54553
Steel Structures5.02.53221
Strength of Materials3.542336
Construction Materials and Management1.00.51445
Engineering Mechanics0.512002



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Sequence of Reading: 


It is crucial to plan the reading sequence of the subjects. Almost all the subjects of civil engineering are linked with each other. We have categorised these subjects to make a proper reading sequence.



 Structural SegmentWater SegmentTransportation Segment Independent subjects
Engineering MechanicsFluid MechanicsHighway EngineeringSurveying
Strength of MaterialsOpen Channel FlowRailway EngineeringGeotechnical Engineering
Structural AnalysisHydrology and IrrigationAirport EngineeringEnvironmental Engineering
Reinforced Cement ConcreteConstruction Material and Management
Steel StructuresMaths and Aptitude


Based on the above categorisation, it is very easy to understand that the basics of Engineering Mechanics and Strength of materials will be required for preparing subjects like Structural analysis, RCC and Steel structures.


Similarly, the basics of Fluid mechanics will be required to prepare subjects like Open Channel flow, Hydrology and Irrigation. 


Likewise, the basics of Highway Engineering will be required for Railway Engineering and Airport Engineering. Then, there are category 4 subjects, which can be read independently during preparation.




Start from the Basic Subjects: 


After analysing the GATE exam pattern and subject weightage, start your preparation with the subject of Engineering Mathematics. All the civil engineering aspirants can keep a target to finish at least three topics, i.e. Linear Algebra, Calculus and Differential Equations, in the first 20 days of preparation. These three topics are used in almost all the subjects of Civil Engineering. So, you should begin preparing the GATE Civil Study Plan by covering these three topics. 


After completing these topics, GATE Civil Engineering 2025 aspirants can start with the first technical subject of Engineering Mechanics. Though the weightage of this subject in the GATE Civil Engineering paper is less, the concepts of this subject will be used in analysing the questions of Strength of materials, Structural analysis, RCC and Steel Structures. 




Month 2-4: Core Subject-wise Preparation


After finishing three topics of Maths and some portion of Engineering Mechanics in the first month, now it’s time to dive deep into the technical concepts of Civil Engineering. During these three months, all the basic subjects are targeted. After finishing Engineering mechanics and the remaining topics of Maths, aspirants can start reading Strength of Materials and Surveying parallelly. 


Once this combination is completed, aspirants can make the next combination of Environment and Fluid Mechanics. GATE 2025 Civil Engineering aspirants can observe that, at a time, two subjects are recommended to be read. This practice avoids the monotony in the preparation journey.


The next combination can be Geotechnical Engineering and Structural Analysis. Both these subjects require deep reasoning and visualisation of the problem statements. That is why it is always recommended to start these subjects after practising the Strength of materials and Fluid Mechanics.




Month 5 – 9: Subject Completion with First Revision Cycle


During this time, the remaining subjects are to be completed, along with the first revision cycle of the previously read subjects. GATE 2025 Civil Engineering aspirants can start the 5th Month by reading the combination of Transportation Engineering and Construction Material and Management. With this combination, they can individually revise the Strength of Materials and Surveying.


The next combination can be Hydrology and Irrigation and Reinforced Cement Concrete, along with the sequence revision of Fluid Mechanics and Environmental Engineering. After this, the combination of Steel Structures and Open Channel Flow can be considered, and along with this combination, Geotechnical Engineering and Structural Analysis can be revised in sequence.


Month 10 -12: Feedback-based Learning with Multiple Revision 


This is the hardest phase in the GATE journey. With so many concepts in mind, this is the phase in which candidates start losing their patience, which severely affects their preparation. At this time, the aspirants should keep their aspirations high and should only concentrate on their self-improvement.


Start this phase by taking up chapter tests for every subject. Before taking the test, go through the short notes and key concepts. Avoid reading everything written in the subject notes, and this saves a lot of time, which can be utilised in question practice.


After taking the test, it is very important to analyse the test. This is one common suggestion by all the GATE toppers: after giving the test, try to find out which type of mistakes you are committing, where the problem is in concept application and which concepts are complex to recall in the exam.


After every chapter test, this feedback will give a clear idea about which section of the subject requires more practice and revision. In these three months, the candidates should revise every subject three times with the GATE previous year’s questions. After taking the chapter test, the aspirants can take the Subject test, Multiple Subject test, Full Length Mock test and then Advanced level subject test. IMS GATE ACADEMY provides all these varieties of tests with detailed analysis.


Tips for Effective Preparation

  • Consistent Study Schedule: Stick to a consistent study schedule to cover the entire syllabus. Aspirants can start with 2 to 3 hours of daily study routine, and eventually, the study routine can increase up to 5 to 6 hours before the GATE exam.


  • Formulae and Short Notes: Prepare short notes and formulae sheets for quick revision


  • Solve Previous Year’s Papers: Start solving previous year’s GATE papers to understand the exam pattern and types of questions asked. It has been observed that concepts are frequently repeated in GATE. GATE questions are the best source for practising these concepts.


  • Mock Tests: Take regular mock tests to improve speed and accuracy, identify weak areas of concept understanding, and simulate exam conditions. It will also be an important part of the GATE Civil Study Plan. 


  • Revision: Revision is the most critical part of the GATE Civil Study Plan. For GATE preparation, the aspirants have to read the exact content as per the syllabus, but they have to read this content multiple times to develop a good recall of the concepts during GATE. Revise the topics you’ve covered so far to keep them fresh in your memory.


  • Focus on Weak Areas: Spend extra time on topics where you are weak to improve your understanding.


  • Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with the latest exam pattern and changes in the syllabus. You can join the IMS GATE ACADEMY telegram group to get regular updates. 



                                  Here is the link –



  • Healthy Lifestyle: Following the GATE Civil Study Plan does not mean you avoid your healthy lifestyle. Maintain a balanced, healthy lifestyle with proper diet and exercise to stay focused and energetic.


  • Stay Motivated: Keep yourself motivated throughout the preparation for the GATE Civil Study Plan and the examination journey by setting realistic goals and celebrating small achievements.



With a dedicated and effective GATE Civil Study Plan, cracking the GATE Civil Engineering exam is achievable. Stay focused and stay motivated, and you will surely achieve success. 






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All the best!