MAT December 2018 Analysis


The overall structure of the MAT remained the same as that of the previous years’, with 5 sections of 40 questions each, 4 options and a negative marking of 1/4th of the marks allotted for wrong answers. The overall difficulty level of the exam did not vary much from the previous years’ MATs.

Most of the questions varied from Easy to Moderate. The best way to maximize one’s score would be to select questions judiciously.

The test structure was as follows:

Section No. Section Name No. of Questions
I Language Comprehension 40
II Intelligence & Critical Reasoning 40
III Mathematical Skills 40
IV Data Analysis & Sufficiency 40
V Indian & Global Environment 40
  Total 200

The analysis of each section is given below.

Section I - Language Comprehension:

This section comprised of 20 Verbal Ability and Verbal Reasoning questions and 20 Reading Comprehension questions. In case of the latter, there were 4 passages, all with 5 questions each. Two passages were about 400 words long while the other two were about 300-350 words long. In each passage, there were two contextual usage questions and three inferential type questions.

Most of the questions were on the easier side with a few moderate to difficult questions.

Topics No. of Questions Level of Difficulty
Reading Comprehension 4 passages with 5 questions each – 20 15 Easy, 3 Moderate, 2 difficult
Para-jumbles (5 sentences) 4 3 Easy, 1 Moderate
Summary questions 4 1 Easy, 3 Moderate
Anagrams + Antonyms (Rearrange the letters and choose its antonym.) 3 1 Moderate, 2 Difficult
Double FIB 3 1 Easy, 2 Moderate
Anagrams + Odd word out (Choose the odd one from 4 jumbled words.) 3 2 Easy, 1 Moderate
Grammar (Choose grammatically correct sentence.) 3 2 Easy, 1 Moderate
Total 40 24 Easy, 12 Moderate, 4 Difficult

A good strategy would be to allot 35 minutes to this section, and solve as many VA/VR questions as possible, and then use the remaining time to attempt the RC questions.

A good attempt would be at least 25-27 questions, with 85% accuracy.

Section II-Intelligence & Critical Reasoning

As usual, this section included a mixture of Verbal Reasoning (14 questions) and Logical Reasoning (26 questions). The former included 3 Cause-Effect, 4 Assertion and Reason, 3 Implicit Conclusions, and 4 Analogy questions. The Non-verbal questions included 11 standalone questions with 5 on series completion, 2 on directions, 3 on relations and 1 on linear arrangement. The remaining 12 questions were family tree based (4 sets of 3 questions each) and 1 set of 3 questions was a puzzle that required basic calculations to arrive at the answer.

In Non-Verbal Reasoning, there were no questions on coding-decoding or other types of arrangements, such as circular arrangement.

The following table shows the break-up of different question types in this section:

Topics No. of Questions Level of Difficulty
Verbal Reasoning (Total 14 questions)
Cause Effect 3 2 Easy, 1 Moderate
Assertion and Reason 4 3 Easy, 1 Moderate
Statement-conclusion 3 2 Easy, 1 Moderate
Analogies 4 4 Easy
Non-verbal Reasoning (Total 26 questions)
Complete the series 5 Easy
Directions 2 Easy
Relations 3 Easy
Linear Arrangement 1 Easy
Family tree (4 sets of 3 questions each) 12 Easy – Moderate
Puzzle 3 Moderate
Total 40 Easy - Moderate

A good strategy would be to attempt about 20-22 questions in 35-40 minutes with 85% accuracy.

Section III- Mathematical Skills:

Mathematical Skills section in December 2018 MAT continued its tradition of being dominated by Arithmetic. As many as 27 questions out of 40 were based on Arithmetic. All the different topics in Arithmetic were represented. Additionally there were 3 questions on Geometry, 9 questions on Modern Math, 1 question on Algebra and one question on Numbers.

Majority of questions were straightforward. However some questions involved lengthy calculations. As a whole, this section can be considered Easy to Moderate level of difficulty.

The following table shows the break-up of different types of questions in this section.

Topics No. of questions Level of difficulty
Ratio-Proportions 3 Easy – Moderate
Time-Speed-Distance 5 Easy – Moderate
Time and work 4 Easy – Moderate
Simple and Compound Interest 4 Easy – Moderate
Mixtures and Alligations 3 Easy – Moderate
Percentages 2 Easy – Moderate
Averages             1 Moderate
Work, Pipe & Cisterns 4 Easy – Moderate
Total 27 Easy – Moderate
Modern Mathematics

Set Theory 1 Easy
Probability 4 Easy – Moderate
Permutation & Combination 4 Easy – Moderate
Total 9 Easy – Moderate

Mensuration 3 Moderate
Total 3 Moderate

Simultaneous Equations 3 Moderate
Numbers                                          1 (1 Easy)
Total 40 Easy – Moderate

A good strategy would be to attempt about 18-20 questions in 35-40 minutes with 85% accuracy.

Section IV- Data Analysis and Sufficiency:

This section consisted of 30 questions on Data Interpretation (6 sets of 5 questions each).There were 5 questions on Quantity Comparison and 5 on Data sufficiency, all of them were easy and ideally should have been attempted. In the data interpretation, some sets were straightforward while some involved somewhat tedious calculations. As a result, attempting right sets was the key.

Topics No. of questions Level of difficulty
A set on bar chart 5 Easy-Moderate
A Set Table (All questions were calculation based) 5 Moderate – Difficult
A set on Line (All questions were calculation based) 5 Easy - Moderate
A Set on Pie chart + Pie (All questions were calculation based) 5 Easy - Moderate
A set on caselet (All questions were calculation based) 5 Moderate- Difficult
A set on bar chart 5 Easy - Moderate
Quantitative Comparison (1 on Percentages + 1 on Profit & Loss + 1 on Probability + 1 on Geometry (Cubes) + 1 on Bar graphs  ) 5 Easy
Data Sufficiency (2 on Arithmetic (Averages), 1 on Fractions, 1 on Linear Equations, 1 on Permutation & Combination) 5 Easy
Total 40  Moderate

Around 21 - 23 attempts with 85% accuracy, in about 35 minutes, would be considered a good attempt for this section.

Section V-Indian and Global Environment:

Almost all the questions in this section were based on current events of the past few months, so anyone who keeps abreast of current economic and political scenarios in India and abroad and regularly reads newspapers will find this section easy. About 22 questions were based on national events and 18 on international events. About 10 to 15 questions were directly from IMS GQuest. For a person who had prepared GK well, about 12 questions could be called easy, 20 moderately difficult and 8 difficult.

This section could be attempted in about 10-15 minutes. A good attempt would be about 15-18 questions, with 75% accuracy.


Social Media