MAT PBT (December 2019) Analysis


Overview

The overall structure of the MAT remained the same as that of the previous years, with 5 sections of 40 questions each, 4 options and a negative marking of 1/4th of the marks allotted for wrong answers. The overall difficulty level of the exam did not vary much from the 0previous years’ MATs.

Most of the questions were Easy to Moderate. The best way to maximize one’s score would be to select questions judiciously.

The test structure was as follows:

Section No. Section Name No. of Questions
I Language Comprehension 40
II Intelligence & Critical Reasoning 40
III Mathematical Skills 40
IV Data Analysis & Sufficiency 40
V Indian & Global Environment 40
Total 200

The analysis of each section is given below.

Section I - Language Comprehension:

This section comprised of 20 Verbal Ability and Verbal Reasoning questions and 20 Reading Comprehension questions. There were 4 passages with 5 questions each. Each passage was about 400 words long with easy to medium questions.

Most of the questions were on the easier side with a few moderate to difficult questions.

Topics No. of Questions Level of Difficulty
Reading Comprehension (4 passages with 5 questions each) 20 16 Easy, 4 Moderate
Para-jumbles (5 sentences) 4 3 Easy, 1 Moderate
Summary questions 4 3 Easy, 1 Moderate
Term associated with the given words 4 2 Easy, 1 Moderate, 1 Difficult
Double FIB 4 4 Easy
Meaning of underlined idiom 4 4 Easy
Total 40 Easy-Moderate

A good strategy would be to allot 35 minutes to this section, and solve as many VA/VR questions as possible, and then use the remaining time to attempt the RC questions.

A good attempt would be 27-29 questions, with 85% accuracy.

Section II-Intelligence & Critical Reasoning

As usual, this section included a mixture of Verbal Reasoning (15 questions) and Logical Reasoning (25 questions). The Non-verbal questions included 10 standalone questions. All the questions were of easy-moderate level.

The following table shows the break-up of different question types in this section:

Topics No. of Questions Level of Difficulty
Verbal Reasoning (Total 15 questions)
Statement-assumption 5 3 Easy, 2 Moderate
Assertion and Reason 5 3 Easy, 2 Moderate
Statement-conclusion 5 4 Easy, 1 Moderate
Non-verbal Reasoning (Total 25 questions)
Coding 2 Easy
Directions 2 Easy
Relations 2 Easy
Linear Arrangement 3 Easy
Arrangement ( Matrix-5; Circular-5;          Two column-5 ) 15 Moderate
Puzzle 1 Moderate
Total 40 Easy – Moderate

A good strategy would be to attempt about 20-22 questions in 35-40 minutes with 85% accuracy.

Section III- Mathematical Skills:

Mathematical Skills section continued its tradition of being dominated by Arithmetic. All the different topics in Arithmetic were represented. Majority of questions were straightforward. However some questions involved lengthy calculations. As a whole, this section can be considered Easy to Moderate level of difficulty.

The following table shows the break-up of different types of questions in this section.

Topics No. of questions Level of difficulty
Arithmetic
Profit and Loss 4 Easy – Moderate
Ratio-Proportions 2 Easy – Moderate
Time-Speed-Distance 4 Easy – Moderate
Time and work 2 Easy – Moderate
Simple and Compound Interest 4 Easy – Moderate
Mixtures and Alligations 3 Easy – Moderate
Percentages 3 Easy – Moderate
Averages             2 Moderate
Work, Pipe & Cisterns 4 Easy – Moderate
Partnership 2 Easy – Moderate
Modern Mathematics
Probability 1 Moderate
Permutation & Combination 1 Moderate
Geometry
Triangles 3 Moderate
Trigonometry 2 Easy – Moderate
Algebra
Simultaneous Equations 1 Moderate
Numbers                                          2 Easy – Moderate
Total 40 Easy – Moderate

A good strategy would be to attempt about 18-20 questions in 35-40 minutes with 85% accuracy.

Section IV- Data Analysis and Sufficiency:

This section consisted of 30 questions on Data Interpretation (6 sets of 5 questions each).Some sets were straightforward while some involved somewhat tedious calculations. As a result, attempting right sets was the key.

Topics No. of questions Level of difficulty
A set on Bar graph and Line graph 5 Easy-Moderate
A set on Table 5 Easy-Moderate
A set on Table and Line graph 5 Easy - Moderate
A set on two Pie charts 5 Easy - Moderate
A set on Caselet 5 Easy-Moderate
A set on Bar graph 5 Easy
Quantitative Comparison (2 on Percentages + 1 on Time-Speed-Distance + 1 on Geometry  + 1 on Logical Reasoning 5 Easy
Data Sufficiency - 1 on Numbers, 4 on Arithmetic (Percentages, Profit and Loss, Ratio and Proportion, Work, pipes and cisterns) 5 Easy
Total 40  Moderate

Around 27 - 29 attempts with 85% accuracy, in about 35 minutes, would be considered a good attempt for this section.

Section V-Indian and Global Environment:

Almost all the questions in this section were based on current events of the past few months, so anyone who keeps abreast of current economic and political scenarios in India and abroad and regularly reads newspapers will find this section easy. About 19 questions were based on national events and 21 on international events. For a person who had prepared GK well, about 10 questions could be called easy, 20 moderately difficult and 10 difficult.

This section could be attempted in about 10-15 minutes. A good attempt would be about 15-18 questions, with 75% accuracy.

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